On March 2, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Sarclisa (isatuximab-irfc), in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone, for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. FDA granted isatuximab Orphan Drug designation for multiple myeloma. Developed by Sanofi, isatuximab (SAR650984) is a chimeric IgG1 antibody directed against CD38 expressed on malignant plasma cells. The antibody acts through a combination of mechanisms, which may depend on the expression level of the target.
The approval was based on the results of the Phase 3 ICARIA-MM study (NCT02990338) demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS). This study included 307 patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who had received at least two prior therapies, including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Patients who received Sarclisa in combination with pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone showed improvement in PFS, with a 40% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death compared to patients who received pomalidomide and dexamethasone. These patients also had an overall response rate of 60.4%. Patients who only received pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone had an overall response rate of 35.3%.
The European Medicines Agency is currently evaluating a marketing authorization application for isatuximab for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.
The Antibody Society maintains a comprehensive table of approved monoclonal antibody therapeutics and those in regulatory review in the EU or US. The table, which is located in the Web Resources section of the Society’s website, can be downloaded in Excel format. Information about other antibody therapeutics that may enter regulatory review in 2020 can be found in ‘Antibodies to watch in 2020’.
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